What are the residence permits in the Netherlands? (2024)

Any foreign citizen staying in the Netherlands for a long time must have an appropriate document that gives him the right to legally stay in the country. This document also serves as an identity document and allows you to enter the Netherlands.

In Russian, this document is called "residence permit" or abbreviated residence permit. In Dutch it sounds like Residence permit or verbblijfsdocument.

The residence permit must indicate under what conditions a foreign citizen is allowed to reside in the Netherlands. The document must also contain his photograph and indicate his identity and citizenship.

In the Netherlands, a residence permit has many types, and their number and content changes from time to time. Currently, residence documents for samples of 2012 and 2020 are valid.

Below we will tell you about all types of residence permit sample 2020 year.

Ordinary residence permit

What are the residence permits in the Netherlands? (1)

Type I: Ordinary residence permit for a fixed period (Verblijfsvergunning voor bepaalde tijd regulier)

This residence permit is issued to foreign citizens in cases where residence is permitted on the usual basis. Permits are always issued based on the purpose of residence, such as living with family / partner or relatives, study or paid work. The purpose of residence, on the basis of which the permit was issued, is indicated on the back of the document.

Permission or (partial) prohibition to work is also indicated on the back of the document.

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Type II: Ordinary Permanent Residence Permit (Verblijfsvergunning voor onbepaalde tijd regulier)

This permit is issued to foreign nationals permanently residing in the Netherlands. As a rule, this document is requested after 5 years of holding a residence permit of the type I.

This type of residence permit allows you to work without restrictions and additional permits.

Residence permit for refugees

There are also two special residence permits that are issued to refugees.

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Type III: Permit for temporary asylum (Verblijfsvergunning voor bepaalde tijd asiel)

This permit is issued to foreign nationals who are allowed to temporarily reside in the Netherlands, and this country is a refuge for them. This permit is issued for a period of 5 years. This document allows you to work freely, no additional work permit is required.

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Type IV: Asylum permit for an indefinite period. (Verblijfsvergunning voor onbepaalde tijd asiel)

This permit is issued if after 5 years of residence in the Netherlands with a residence permit of the type III, a foreign citizen still needs protection. This document allows you to work freely, no additional work permit is required.

Residence permit for persons from the EU, EEA or Switzerland and their family members

If you have a residence permit from one of the EU countries that have accepted EU Long-Term Residents Directive, then, while living in the Netherlands, you can apply for a certain Type V residence permit, which replaced the "Long-term EU resident" mark in the Type V residence permit II

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Type V: Residence permit for long-term resident (Verblijfsvergunning voor langdurig ingezetene)

This permit is issued to foreign nationals who are allowed to stay in the Netherlands indefinitely and who have the status of “long-term EU residents”. This document allows you to work freely, no additional work permit is required.

For citizens of the European Union, European Economic Area / Zone or Switzerland can be issued the following type of residence permit, which has two types.

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EU / EER type: Residence document for a Community citizen (Verblijfsdocument voor gemeenschapsonderdaan)

  • Document issued to citizens of EU / EEA countries or Switzerland who have legally resided in the Netherlands for 5 years or more without interruption.
  • A document issued on the basis of proof of residence provided if citizens of the EU / EEA or Switzerland have legally resided in the Netherlands for less than 5 years.

Both of these documents allow you to work freely.

Type Familylid EU / EER: Residence document for family members of a Community citizen. (Verblijfsdocument voor familyleden van gemeenschapsonderdaan)

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This type of residence permit is also divided into two types:

  • A document issued to a family member of a Community citizen who himself does not have EU / EEA or Swiss citizenship and who has been legally residing in the Netherlands for 5 years or more without interruption.
  • Document issued to a family member of a Community citizen who himself does not have EU / EEA or Swiss citizenship and who has legally resided in the Netherlands for less than 5 years.

Both of these documents allow you to work freely.

Residence permit related to BREXIT

Some of the residence permits were specially created to deal with the difficulties and changes caused by The EU-UK Withdrawal Agreement (By the UK Secession Agreement or BREXIT)

Therefore, from January 1, 2021, British citizens and / or their family members living / arriving in the Netherlands must have a residence permit, as we have already written about. here

Type Article 50: Residence document for UK citizens and their families covered by the Withdrawal Agreement (Verblijfsdocument voor (familieleden van) VK-onderdanen die onder de werking van het Withdrawal Agreement vallen)What are the residence permits in the Netherlands? (8)

There are two types of residence permits in this category:

  • Residence Document Withdrawal Agreement 18 (1) is issued to UK citizens and their family members who have legally resided in the Netherlands for less than 5 years and who meet the criteria of paragraph 1 of Article 13 and Article 18 of paragraph 1, subparagraph iWithdrawal agreements. Work is permitted freely, no work permit is required.

The next type of residence permit appeared only in the residence permits of the sample of 2020.

To understand the situation - if you live in one EU member state and work in another, but return to your country of residence at least once a week, then you are considered Frontier Worker... In our translation, this is a "border" worker, or a person working "across the border". For citizens of EU countries living in one EU country, and regularly arriving for a short time to work in another EU country, there is usually no need for a residence permit.

However, after the UK withdrew from the EU, for the citizens of this country, working "across the border", the situation has changed. And from the side of the Netherlands a special type of residence permit was introduced for them.

What are the residence permits in the Netherlands? (9)

Type Article 50 Frontier Worker - "border" worker

This document is issued to UK citizens and their family members who are subject to the Withdrawal Agreement and who are registered in the Netherlands as Frontier Worker

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If you have any questions related to this article or migration from/to the Netherlands in general, our staff will be happy to help you. Simply fill out the contact form below and we will contact you as soon as possible.

What are the residence permits in the Netherlands? (2024)

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